They also contain important ore deposits, including gold and silver, and their mineral water springs feed numerous health resorts. Some physical features of Romania are: mountains and hills, rivers and lakes, sea, caves, forests, plains etc. The Carpathians serve as a barrier to Atlantic air masses, restricting their oceanic influences to the west and center of the country, where they make for milder winters and heavier rainfall. Irrigation is widely used, and marshlands in the Danube's floodplain have been diked and drained to provide additional tillable land. Bukovina and Bessarabia, former Romanian provinces where significant percentages of the population are Romanian-speaking, were part of the Soviet Union from the end of World War II to its dissolution, and subsequently part of the (formerly Soviet) states of Ukraine and Moldova. They are deeply fragmented by longitudinal and transverse valleys and crossed by several major rivers. The Danube is an important water route for domestic shipping, as well as international trade. As statistics go, 88.6% of citizens are Romanian, … Disputes between Hungary and Romania regarding this territory would surface regularly, as both considered the region part of their national heritage. Climatic conditions are somewhat modified by the country's varied relief. Romania enjoys a considerable wealth of natural resources: fertile land for agriculture; pastures for livestock; forests that provide hard and soft woods; petroleum reserves; metals, including gold and silver in the Apuseni Mountains; numerous rivers that supply hydroelectricity; and a Black Sea coastline that is the site of both ports and resorts. The Western Romanian Carpathians are the most densely settled, and it is in the northernmost area of this range, the Apuseni Mountains, that permanent settlements can be found at the highest altitudes. Top Answer. Virtually all of the country's rivers are tributaries of the Danube, either directly or indirectly, and by the time the Danube's course ends in the Black Sea, they account for nearly 40 percent of the total discharge. Romania's natural landscape is almost evenly divided among mountains (31 percent), plains (33 percent), and hills (36 percent). Romania's exterior boundaries are a result of relatively recent events. They have historically functioned as "gates," which allow easy passage but can be readily defended. Now the Romanian women look something like this: they have medium height, dark hair, which are often curved and thick, dark eyes, skin the color of coffee and cream. These features and the fact that there are many summit passes—some at altitudes up to 2,256 meters—have made the Carpathians less of a barrier to movement than other European ranges. Despite ongoing and potential disputes, however, since 1989 Romania has no territorial claims to make. It is navigable for river vessels along its entire Romanian course and for seagoing ships as far as the port of Brăila. Moreover, marshy banks and perennial flooding impede navigation in some areas. When was the world’s first detective bureau founded? During this time Romania was invaded by great folk migrations and warriors on horseback who traveled across the Danubian Plain. The arc of the Carpathians extends over 1,000 kilometers through the center of the country, covering an area of 71,000 square kilometers. Romania's current administrative divisions include 41 counties and one city - Bucharest - with special status, see Administrative divisions of Romania. Because of its position on the southeastern portion of the European continent, Romania has a climate that is transitional between temperate and continental. Summer lasts from May to August. With an area of 238,397 km 2 (92,046 sq mi), Romania is the twelfth-largest country in Europe. There are exceptions from the examples below, of course, and the generalization is simply to highlight the extremes one may be faced with while dealing with Romanians. Who was Hillary Clintons running mate in the 2008 presidential elections? Where is a fire belly toads wildlife environment? In 2004 the country joined the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and in 2007 it became a member of the European Union (EU). Facts: Record High Temperature: 44.5 °C (112.1 °F) - August 10, 1951 South-Eastern Romania; Record Low Temperature: −38.5 °C (−37.3 °F) - January 24, 1942 (Central Romania), Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea and Danube, with the Carpathian mountains in its center. What are the physical characteristics of Romanian people? In the south, the rivers flow directly into the Danube, and in the west, waters are collected by the Tisza on Hungarian territory. Source(s): https://shrink.im/a99Av. With an area of 238,397 km2 (92,046 sq mi), Romania is the twelfth-largest country in Europe. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Here are a few things you absolutely must know (for fun or survival) about Romanian culture. Beyond the Carpathian foothills and tablelands, the plains spread south and west. Romania is in southeastern Europe at the north end of the Balkan peninsula, bordering Ukraine and Moldova to the north, Hungary to the northwest, Serbia to the southwest, Bulgaria to the south, and the Black Sea to the east. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). On the eve of World War II, journalist Rosa Goldschmidt Waldeck (Countess Waldeck) described her strongest impression of the Romanians: Two thousand years of severe foreign masters, barbarian invasions, rapacious conquers, wicked princes, cholera, and earthquakes have given Rumanians a superb sense of the temporary and transitory quality of everything. Natural hazards: This important agricultural region also contains large deposits of methane gas and salt. 1. At higher elevations, the wind and rain have turned the rocks into spectacular figures such as the Sphinx and Babele. Traditionally Romania is divided into several historic regions that no longer perform any administrative function: Dobruja is the easternmost region, extending from the northward course of the Danube to the shores of the Black Sea. Romania's rivers primarily flow east, west, and south from the central crown of the Carpathians. Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. earthquakes most severe in south and southwest; geologic structure and climate promote landslides, Environment - current issues: soil erosion and degradation; water pollution; air pollution in south from industrial effluents; contamination of Danube delta wetlands, party to: Air Pollution, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Learn how and when to remove this template message, 2004 Romanian Statistical Yearbook - Geography, Meteorology and Environment, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_Romania&oldid=987157427, Articles lacking in-text citations from August 2014, Articles with Romanian-language sources (ro), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation, territorial sea: 12 nmi (22.2 km; 13.8 mi), petroleum (reserves steady to declining), timber, natural gas, coal, iron ore, salt, arable land, hydro power, This page was last edited on 5 November 2020, at 08:05. 2011-09-14 10:11:23 2011-09-14 10:11:23. Wiki User Answered . After entering the country in the southwest at Bazias, the Danube travels some 1,075 kilometers (almost 40% of its entire length) through or along Romanian territory, forming the southern frontier with Serbia and Bulgaria. twelfth-largest in Europe. By the time of the Roman withdrawal under the emperor Aurelian in 271, the Roman settlers and the Dacians had intermarried, resulting in a new nation. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Well, technically the Roma are citizens of the country, but they are a different ethnic group. There is no special tendency in the form of nose, but in most cases it is a hooked nose. The most famous of these is the Iron Gate on the Danube. This area, known as the Regat or the Old Kingdom, came into being with the disintegration of the Ottoman Empire in the mid-nineteenth century. The climate is temperate and marked by four distinct seasons. The Romanians were unable to withstand the imperial pressures first from the Byzantines and then from the Ottoman Turks to the south in Constantinople (now Istanbul), or later from the Habsburg empire to the west and from Russia to the east. Reader in Geography, University of Leicester, England. The average January temperature is 34 °F (1.1 °C) and the average July temperature is 69 °F (20.6 °C). Islands. Plains & Delta For the next 600 years the Romanian lands served as battlegrounds for their neighbours’ conflicting ambitions. I have visited many countries and people here look exactly the same like everywhere. Author of. At the end of World War I, Romania acquired Transylvania and the Banat. The Olt River 615 kilometres (382 mi) is the longest river that is fully within Romania's national borders. The most important of these rivers are the Mureș River, the Olt River, the Prut, the Siret River, the Ialomița River, the Someș River, and the Argeș River. Temperate; cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow and fog; sunny summers with frequent showers and thunderstorms. They also contain large deposits of brown coal and natural gas. The Carpathian Mountains traverse the centre of the country bordered on both sides by foothills and finally the great plains of the outer rim. The national capital is Bucharest. Romania is a small European country with a temperate-continental climate. The mountains also block the continental influences of the vast plain to the north in Ukraine, which bring frosty winters and less rain to the south and southeast. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. What kind of job can you get with a MA in business management or adminisstration? Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Even more, Romanian is a Latin language like French, Spanish, Portuguese or Italian. As military chief Helmuth von Moltke observed: “Resistance having nearly always proven useless, the Romanians could no longer think of any other way of defense than flight.”. The Romanian people derive much of their ethnic and cultural character from Roman influence, but this ancient identity has been reshaped continuously by Romania’s position astride major continental migration routes. 46°00′N 25°00′E / 46.000°N 25.000°E / 46.000; 25.000, total: 238,391 square kilometres (92,043 sq mi), land: 231,231 square kilometres (89,279 sq mi), water: 7,160 square kilometres (2,760 sq mi). What are the side effects of the shingles vaccine? In Bucharest, the temperature ranges from −29 °C (−20.2 °F) in January to 29 °C (84.2 °F) in July, with average temperatures of −3 °C (26.6 °F) in January and 23 °C (73.4 °F) in July. In the east, river waters are collected by the Siret and the Prut. Some of its words are Slavic, but not nearly enough for Romanian people to speak this language. They have large grassland areas and some woodlands but few large depressions and subsoil resources. The land here is rich with chernozemic soils and forms Romania's most important farming region. The delta is a triangular swampy area of marshes, floating reed islands, and sandbanks, where the Danube ends its trek of almost 3,000 kilometers and divides into three frayed branches before emptying into the Black Sea. Some of this territory was lost during World War II, but negotiations returned it to Romania. Republic of Moldova and Ukraine lie to the east, Bulgaria lies to the south, and Serbia and Hungary to the west. Important mining and industrial centers as well as agricultural areas are found within these depressions.
Fibonacci Sequence In Nature Examples, Raven Cliff Falls Trail Sc, San Francisco Bay Trail Sunnyvale, Army Unclassified Powerpoint Template, Gale Force Fortnite, Satellite Flight Software, Errol Morris, Steve Bannon, Dekalb County Schools News, Lake City, Michigan Hotels, Political Map Of Kentucky,