Trees absorb carbon dioxide (a greenhouse gas) from the air and enrich the air with Oxygen, which is needed for life. So without further ado, here are the top 10 cause of land pollution… In no particular order. The most worrisome of this is plastic, and especially single-use plastic, which is of such low quality that it gets discarded after just one use. Forests absorb almost 20% of this heat, thus preventing soil degradation. Wrong irrigation practices also lead to the accumulation of free salts, degrading the soil and leading to a condition called, The most worrisome of this is plastic, and especially. The air we breathe has a very exact chemical composition; 99% of it is made up of … . Produce less trash - Some ways to reduce trash include not using a napkin or paper towel unless you absolutely need one, drinking water from a cup rather than a plastic bottle, and being sure to properly dispose of harmful trash like batteries and computer equipment. blow off or get washed into nearby rivers and streams, leading to the water levels rising and flooding during rains. Trees also, help replenish soils and help retain nutrients being washed away. Only when a large number of well-informed people come together and demand a change, do governments and businesses tend to listen. Chile Takes Mammoth Step In The Fight Against Plastic Pollution. Today, we have brought you the causes and effects of it. Such a soil harms both the plants that grow on it and other animals that may come to feed on it. This is good news! There are regulations in some countries to prevent harmful chemicals from getting dumped directly onto the land, but this is not the case in many countries. So speak up, speak out and share such knowledge with your family, friends and colleagues. Recycle - Around 33 percent of trash in the United States is recycled. This is caused by the overuse of chemical fertilizers, soil erosion triggered by running water and other pest control measures, leading to loss of fertile land for agriculture, forest cover, fodder patches for grazing , etc. We use a lot of fertilizers as well as pesticides, fungicides, and insecticides on our... 2. However, a lot of matter is left behind which is highly radioactive and contains many deadly chemicals. Pesticides and Fertilizers contaminating and finally completely destroying the soil composition. Industrial Waste. The first is where the soil gets contaminated, due to the addition of foreign elements. Erosion occurs because of deforestation, overworking of the land, addition of excessive chemical, rain water runoff and strong winds on unprotected lands. First, reduce consumption. Other types of land pollution like mining, farming, and factories can allow for harmful chemicals to enter into the soil and water. Composting is when you collect organic waste and store it so it breaks down to where it can be used for fertilizer. We behaved similarly with another essential resource required for our survival – water! In many cases, they are stored in an environmentally safe way, but there are some that find their way into landfills and other less safe storage facilities. These fertilisers and pesticides are loaded with toxic chemicals that seep into the soil and contaminate it. Things like paper, plastic containers, bottles, cans, food and even used cars and broken electronic goods, broken furniture and hospital waste are all examples of solid waste. Covid19 Saving Nature But… Single-Use Plastics Surge, When the giants join the fight against plastic, 2020 New year’s Resolution: Stop Single Use Plastics, Extinction Rebellion – “Disruption is our last resort”. Examples include food droppings, paper products as well as vegetation (like grass and twigs). Pick up trash - Don't be a litter bug! Here are 5 Simple Tips To Reduce Plastic Waste. Composting - Get with your parents or school and start a compost heap. It’s simple. Such a land loses productivity and is neither suitable for agriculture, nor is it good enough to support the local flora and fauna. Sometimes, insects and small animals are killed and bigger animals that eat tiny animals (as in food chains) are also harmed. Industrial waste is perhaps the motherload of all the pollutants afflicting the planet. Such kind of pollution is caused either due to natural events such as soil erosion or due to excessive soil contamination. Agricultural Land Pollution. Of course, awareness regarding land pollution and the actual scale of the problem is of the utmost importance. These nuclear waste, if it comes in contact with people, can cause severe and long-term genetic health issues. Ever since the birth of the industrial age, development has been trying to catch up to the ever growing population and its demands. Wrong irrigation practices also lead to the accumulation of free salts, degrading the soil and leading to a condition called soil salinisation. Land pollution is the destruction or decline in quality of the earth’s land surfaces in … Land pollution is also especially dangerous since the pollutants eventually seep down and pollute the groundwater and other, While many human activities and even some natural calamities have been responsible for, Such a polluted land, although may increase the production for a short while, in the long run, the productivity goes down. Some of these are biodegradable (meaning they easily rot or decay into organic matter). In most cases, one can easily draw a direct line between the degeneration of soil, and the human activities such as construction, mining, waste dumping etc. Follow us on Instagram to win great prizes. Trees provide wood for humans and a habitat to many land animals, insects and birds. Garbage - The average person in the United States produces around 4 1/2 pounds of trash every day! Let us see these four main types: The amount of trash per person in the United States has dropped over the last 10 years. Deforestation leaves the land exposed, which leads to rapid soil erosion. Let us see these four main types: Solid Waste. They end up polluting soils and making crops harmful to our health. It can also release toxic chemicals into the air and soil. On the other hand, sewage treatment still leaves behind the waste matter that needs to be disposed of, and straight off they go sit in a landfill, only to continue polluting the land! Mining - Mining can directly destroy the land, producing large holes in the ground and causing erosion. See the complete lesson on WASTE here. This is good because we get more food, but can you think of what happens to the chemicals that end up on the crops and soils? One of the most unnoticed of all the major causes of land pollution are the millions of miles of unpaved roads around the world. But, instead of taking care, all our activities have severely damaged the land, by inflicting it with catastrophic levels of pollution. And it is our actions that inevitably pollutes the land, which causes the planet the most harm. The source of industrial waste ranges from factories, oil refineries, energy plants, And finally, but far from the least, the base-camp of all the trash moving around the planet – Landfills. Types of land pollution. Over time a lot of dust, sediments etc. The land is said to be polluted when the soil’s original natural composition is disturbed, due to the addition of foreign elements, to such an extent that it can no longer sustain the ecosystem that depended on it. These include all the various kinds of rubbish we make at … Nuclear plants through the process of nuclear fission and fusion produce vast amounts of energy. During mining, many of these chemicals leak out into the soil, leading to soil contamination. Some of this trash gets recycled, but much of it ends up in a landfill or on the ground. Read this for a reality check the famous article Era of Plastic Overkill. The mining process utilises heavy metals and many toxic chemicals such as sulphuric acid. Waste and Recycling. Plastic continuously breaks down, and while doing so, leaches out deadly toxins such as BPA, which is linked to cancer. Many publications group them differently. There is a lot of waste that is generated in our homes, schools, hospitals, shops, and... 3. And finally, the third ‘R’ – Recycle. In the last five years, the total amount of trash has dropped. Water Scarcity. These chemicals can cause animals and plants to die, disrupting the food chain. Others are not biodegradable, and they include plastics, metals and aluminum cans, broken computer and car parts. Factories - Many factories produce a significant amount of garbage and waste. Landfills release the greenhouse gas methane, which may lead to global warming. Around 40 percent of the lead in landfills is due to improper disposal of computers and other electronic equipment. It is, however, the varied human activities that primarily harms the earth. All of these non-biodegradable waste mostly ends up in a landfill where they will sit for decades or even centuries, continually poisoning the land and the groundwater. Humans depend on trees for many things including life. But, instead of taking care, all our activities have severely damaged the land, by inflicting it with catastrophic levels of pollution. Almost all of the places of human dwelling and community activities such as homes, hospitals, schools, offices etc., tend to generate a lot of waste that is non-biodegradable.
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